One of the hardest parts of the TOEFL?

Time management. 

Many students struggle to answer every single question in the TOEFL Reading.

And it should come as no surprise, the TOEFL Reading is tough. 

Let’s look at some of the bullet points. The TOEFL Reading:

  • Includes 30 questions
  • Contains 2100 words (3 passages x 700 words)
  • Provides 54 minutes to complete everything

TOEFL takers wonder how they can possibly read the texts and answer the questions in such a limited amount of time.

After years of trial and error, we have come up with a fool-proof system designed to help students just like you answer every single question in the TOEFL Reading with time to spare.

We are going to go through 4 specific rules for you to follow:

By the end of this short article, you will know exactly what you have to do to ensure that you never miss a single question on the TOEFL Reading.

Prefer a PDF guide?

You can download our TOEFL Reading Time Management Guide PDF version right here.

Rule #1: Take Notes and Circle

When you take the TOEFL, you get a pencil and a piece of scrap paper.

Use it!

Your task in the TOEFL reading section is more about eliminating choices than answering questions, though most students don’t look at it this way. You need to track the choices that you eliminate. And you can do this by taking notes.

Take a look at the example below:

These notes aren’t so bad, right?

All you have to do is write down the question numbers and the choices you eliminate.

You do NOT have to write any notes about the actual content of the reading text.

Here’s how it works.

When you answer the questions in the TOEFL Reading, eliminate choices you believe are incorrect. Once you eliminate, write it down on the scrap paper. This is an easy way to narrow your focus on the remaining choices.

For example, according to my notes, in question one, I have eliminated a and c, so I crossed them out.

You do not have to do this for every question. You can see that for question three I haven’t eliminated anything, and that is because the question was easy. Feel free to do the same on questions that require less focus and strategy. Don’t waste time writing notes about questions when you know the answer.

The most important component of this note-taking system is the circled questions.

Question numbers two and eight are circled because I’m not confident with my answer. You see, on test day, you have a limited amount of time to answer all of the questions. There will be some questions that will take you more time to answer. Instead of wasting time thinking about how to answer, just circle the question number in your notes, select the best choice, and move on.

Do NOT skip the question.
Skipping questions will put pressure on you to allocate enough time, in the end, to go back and answer the ones you missed. Answer the question and circle it in your notes so you can pinpoint the exact questions you need to think more about after you have finished answering everything.

We will talk more about monitoring your time soon, so you know when to answer and move on, but for now, plan to have a couple of minutes at the end of the 54 minutes to go back to a couple of questions and doublecheck your answers.

Rule #2: Watch the Clock

When you work through the TOEFL Reading section, you will notice that some questions take longer than others. For example, vocabulary questions are rather simple and straightforward, so they should take you no more than 60 seconds to complete. Negative detail questions, on the other hand, could take up to 120 seconds to answer. Below is a breakdown of the maximum amount of time you can spend on a given question based on its type.

  • Vocabulary – 60 seconds
  • Detail – 90 seconds
  • Negative Detail – 120 seconds
  • Paraphrasing – 120 seconds
  • Sentence Insertion – 120 seconds
  • Inference – 90 seconds
  • Author’s Purpose – 90 seconds
  • Pronoun Reference – 60 seconds
  • Summary – 120 seconds
  • Organization – 120 seconds

Even though this time breakdown is good to keep in mind, you do NOT have to look at the clock and count down the seconds for each question. That will only waste time and distract you from focusing on the content of the question and the passage. Instead, you should think of the time in terms of 18-minute chunks.

Unless you get an extended reading section, you will have three passages, 30 questions and 54 minutes to answer. You want to answer 10 questions (one passage) every 18 minutes.

Here’s a chart outlining where you should be in five-minute-intervals.

TOEFL Reading Section Time Breakdown

(30 questions)

5 minutes 3 questions
10 minutes 6 questions
15 minutes 9 questions
20 minutes 12 questions
25 minutes 14 questions
30 minutes 17 questions
35 minutes 20 questions
40 minutes 23 questions
45 minutes 26 questions
50 minutes 29 questions

Ideally, you want to try to leave yourself a few minutes at the end to go back to the questions you circled. If you are ever unsure of your progress in the reading section, note that on the top middle of the screen will be the question number followed by the total amount. 

Focusing on having a rough idea of the number of questions you want to answer every 5 or 10 minutes. Remember, some questions take longer to answer than others, like TOEFL Reading summary questions. Be sure to have a plan for answering each question type.

Rule #3: Never Skip a Question

This was touched upon in rule #1, but it is so important that I have made it a rule of its own.

Never skip a question.

Our brains like stories. Stories have a beginning, middle, and end.
The questions in the TOEFL reading section go in sequential order, just like a story. When you skip a question, you interrupt the story. It makes the questions that come after the one you skip more difficult to answer. So, instead of skipping questions, you guesstimate.

Yes, guesstimate is a real word. You can ask Mr. Webster. Basically, you have an idea of what the answer might be, but you are not 100% certain. A guess is a blind chance, a guesstimation is made after some thought.

After you guesstimate, circle the question in your notes (like questions two and eight depicted under rule #1), and move on. Keep in mind that your goal is to answer all of the questions. If you skip a question, you can only lose points.

Rule #4: Review Your Answers

Allocate a few minutes at the end of the reading section to go back and check over your answers one more time. There are four buttons in the top right corner of the test screen; click “Review” to see all the questions listed.

The review page will indicate the questions you answered and the ones you skipped. Check out an example of what the review page will look like.

On the review button page, you will find all of the questions listed out. If you did skip a question, it will be mentioned on this screen. In the last few minutes, go back to the questions circled on your scrap paper and doublecheck your answers.

Since you took notes and circled questions you wanted to review, it will be easy to jump around to specific questions from the review page.

In Conclusion

Now you know exactly what you need to do to organize your thoughts and conserve your time in the TOEFL Reading section. Here are the bullet points:

  • Use your scrap paper to take notes
  • Circle questions you need to review
  • Answer 10 questions every 18 minutes
  • Leave a few minutes at the end to review
  • Guesstimate and review later
Now that you know how to take notes for the TOEFL Reading, it’s time to practice. 

Practicing will help solidify this new information into your memory so you can actually apply it on test day.

So go ahead and download our free and complete TOEFL Practice test.

Or, if you feel like you want to learn more cool TOEFL Reading tips and tricks like this, check out our Ten Awesome TOEFL Reading Tips.

I know this TOEFL stuff can get a bit frustrating sometimes. So don’t hesitate to reach out and let me know if you have any questions or concerns: [email protected]


Did I miss anything? Or do you have a comment?

Please add your ideas in the comments section below.

I promise to respond to every single one!



    Dear Josh,

    Thank you very much for your efforts and good videos. I have one traditional question; should I read all the passages or just the first sentences in each paragraph. I have applied the TOEFL exam last time and got 72 (speaking, Writing, Listening, and Reading; 21:19:17, and 15 respectively) but I need for my ph. d (78). Could you please tell me how can I increase my score especially that my next exam will be on September 11?

    Thanks in advance,

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Anas and thank you for your comment. Improving 7 points in a week is tough, but I would focus on your speaking and writing. Those skills are productive, based on your own performance, whereas listening and reading scores are based on texts given to you and largely based on the amount of vocabulary and fluency you currently possess with the English language. If you had more time, I would also recommend enrolling in our TOEFL Reading Score Builder Program. It will be released next week but requires at least a month of hard work to see some benefits. I hope that helps!

  2. Alexandra Kleinova

    Hi Josh.
    Its Alex here. I have been following you on YouTube for some time and wanted to thank you for all the help you have given me and students all around the world.
    On the other hand, I would like to ask for some additional help. I have been stuck with the reading section and just cannot get the needed score.
    Can you please send me an email which of your courses would be the best to practice some more?

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Alexandra and thank you for your kind words. About the reading, I will send an email to you directly with some additional practice that will help build your reading skills.

  3. batool

    Hi Josh,
    My test is due for Thursday and I am still struggling- whether to read the whole passage first and then respond or read the questions and then look for the answers. Last month I took Toefl ibt home edition and i struggled with the reading passages. For the first passage , I read the whole passage and then tried to answer. For the second passage, I read the question and then replied. In the second passage, I felt I didn’t comprehend the ideas discussed in the passage – frustrating.

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Batool and this is an excellent point. You will have to find a style that works for you, but most students agree that it is nearly impossible (time-wise) to read the article and then answer the questions. I recommend skimming the passage and scanning paragraphs while you answer, so you can have some idea about the passage while answering. This is easier for some to do than others, but it is what we usually recommend. I hope that makes sense.

  4. ali

    hey Josh, I have the toefl test in the next month, i really don’t know how to practice on writing and speaking sections, your videos on youtube are so helpfull but i having trouble in understanding the templates, So could you please help me or provide for me a way to study well for those to sections

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Ali and this is a great question. Speaking and Writing are the most difficult sections to study on your own. The best way is to work with a teacher, share your responses, and get feedback on those responses.

      However, if that is out of your budget, then I would suggest for the speaking, recording your responses and suing the grading checklist in this PDF –

      FOr the writing, using a spelling and grammar checker, or you could invest in a Grammarly premium account which will give you more detailed feedback on your sentences, paragraph, and essay structure –

      I hope that gives you some ideas.

    • Davlamad Sirojiddinovich

      Hey, Ali
      What happened with you?
      Did you take test?

  5. Hema

    Josh, thank you so much for the helpful article. I am seriously started reading your tips. I got my score 70 and yet to achieve 79 to enroll the university . Am struggling with managing time in reading part . Hope after going through these tips , my next attempt would be succeeded. I have a question for the writing portion , should be strict into 350 words ? Few article says that if you don’t have strong writing skills , recommended to go for 450 to 500 words ? Last attempt I had given my good effort with limited words and score 16. Am confused about the strategy of writing section . Please advise

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Hema and thank you for your question. I would say that you should go with the strategy you feel most comfortable with. 450 words are quite a lot and not too many students can write so much in so little time. However, more words do tend to help your score.

      The best possible thing you could do for writing is to write essays and get feedback from a teacher, either from us or from someone you know who can provide feedback on your writing. I hope that helps.

    • Davlamad Sirojiddinovich

      Could you please share with us how you achieved 70 score?

  6. Atanga Ghislain

    Hi sir.
    I am a cameroonian taking the TOEFL this Saturday 19th of October.
    A friend said he took the test last Saturday he wasn’t given any questions on the speaking.
    Please is. This possible?

    • Josh MacPherson

      No, it’s not possible unless they are not taking the TOEFL ibt. I think the paper-based version of the TOEFL does not have speaking questions, but I really don’t know much about the paper-based (pbt) version of the test.

  7. Raquel

    Hey Josh! Your tips are really helpful! I’m brazilian and I made the exam one week ago and I did 71, but I need to get 79 =(. I’ll retake the test on May 4. Do you think it is possible to increase my score in this short period? Should I invest in my weaknesses (writing and speaking) or try to increase what I have been reasonably well (reading and listening)? Many tks, you are the best!!

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Raquel and thank you for your question. It’s a good one.

      Well, 8 points is quite a jump. It is true that some tests are harder than others so it is definitely possible to perform much better the second time around, especially after getting used to the test center, test conditions, etc.

      The fastest way to improve your score is to work with a teacher (or on your own if you must) on the speaking and writing sections. The speaking and writing provide the most opportunity for students to do well since much of the score is based on the organization of your responses and your performance on test day. If you work long and hard enough on the speaking and writing, you can find templates, even memorized portions of previous answers and use them on test day.

      The reading and listening are much harder to improve since low scores in these areas usually imply a lack of vocabulary comprehension, which is harder to fix because it is less about performance and more about comprehension.

      I hope this addresses your concerns. Thanks for the support and let me know if there’s any other way I can help.

      • Raquel


        As a miracle, I received the confirmation that my score 71 was accepted for the doctoral scholarship that I applied, so I will not have to retake the test . Next year I’ll go to Montreal, Canada (6 months) . I want to thank you again for your work and wonderful teaching. Even with an intermediate level of English, I had progress in the test because I saw all your videos on youtube (ninja and tst prep) . Thank you so much!!!

  8. Selin

    Josh, Amazing job ! I have just made these mistakes in the exam one week ago, and guess what, my other sections were amazing, however the reading part was a disaster 🙁 If I need to get one more TOEFL, than this piece of work will be a great helper!

    • Josh MacPherson

      Hi Selin and thanks for the comment (sorry this article came out a little late for you). I hope you did well and let me know if there are any other types of articles you think would be helpful for students in the future.


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